The Technological foundation of Disruptive Education at UNED

Timothy Read
UNED, Spain

Carmen Garcia Llamas
UNED, Spain

Juan Cigarran Recuero
UNED, Spain


The future of universities is uncertain to put it mildly. Analysts argue that over the next 10 to 20 years up to 50% of universities will end up in bankruptcy or just be forced to close. If this is the case for traditional or face-to-face (henceforth F2F) universities then it is arguably more so for distance-learning universities, since they not only face the challenges of a changing educational marketplace but also ever stronger competition from their F2F counterparts offering online services. So the question needs to be asked about how the former can address this problem.

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